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Eztainutlacatl ~ळाळुक Tweet

Author: Eztainutlacatl ~ळाळुक
Publication: Thread Reader App
Date:  August 23, 2020
URL:      https://threadreaderapp.com/thread/1297646677931614208.html?s=03

Let me tell you the story of a British Commander who commanded a huge contingent during the storming of Srirangapatna and was a part of it's general loot and sacking - James Darlymple. But before that, it is important to note there is a formal definition for the word mercenary.

A mercenary is any person who:
(a) is especially recruited locally or abroad in order to fight in an armed conflict;
(b) does, in fact, take a direct part in the hostilities;
(c) is motivated to take part in the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a Party to the conflict, material compensation substantially in excess of that promised or paid to combatants of similar ranks and functions in the armed forces of that Party;
(d) is neither a national of a Party to the conflict nor a resident of territory controlled by a Party to the conflict;
(e) is not a member of the armed forces of a Party to the conflict; and
(f) has not been sent by a State which is not a Party to the conflict on official duty as a member of its armed forces.
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Now, anyone working for a private company but as a soldier, what would you call him? Take the case of Robert Clive. He spent £70000 on the forces of East India Company from his pocket (which was not claimed from the British Government), making it a personal mercenary force
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as against a national army where it is to be maintained by a sovereign nation. He returned back to England with a fortune of £300,000, which is way above what a Major General in a regular army can earn in is life.
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A Major General (on full pay for 365 days) got around £2500p.a. With a service of 28 years, that too starting from ensign who got even less, he may not have earned more than £50000, and this includes the £70000 he spent on the army and £33000 he lost at sea. So, what's he?
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Let's go back to our character, James Darlymple. He is a minor Scottish noble, born into the Earldom of Stair as the eldest son of William Dalrymple of Cousland who is from a cadet branch of the Earldom through his second wife.
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In that generation, especially in areas like Scotland, there was nothing much to do. All these minor nobles with nothing to do generally landed in India to gain name and money. James was no different - he is enlisted in East India Company Forces in 1770 at an age of 14.
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His brother Samuel also served in Indian Army - it's not known whether both the brothers came to India together or separately. This guy becomes a mercenary or more diplomatically, a soldier of fortune at a time when the Mughal glory was fading.
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Gone were the days when British men and women were desperate to marry rich Indians. In quest for power and prestige, Muslim women actually wooed Britishers in power. For example, take the case of James Kirkpatrik as narrated by the author William Darlymple.

About Khair un-Nissa's motives there is little dispute: James Kirkpatrick certainly believed that the girl had fallen in love with him, and he may have been right: certainly nothing in her behaviour contradicts this view.

To his brother William, James later wrote that '(among) all the ranks and descriptions of people here, the story of B(aqar Ali Khan)'s grand daughters long cherished partiality for me (is) perfectly known'.

James's belief was echoed by Bowser in the Clive Report: he stated under oath that 'it is said that the lady fell in love with the Resident'. James also claimed that Khair un-Nissa had threatened to take poison unless he helped her escape from a 'hateful marriage'.

Exactly why Sharaf un-Nissa and her mother, Durdanah Begum, are so keen on the match is, however, a much more difficult question to answer. It could of course have been a mother's sympathy with her lovelorn daughter, and a wish to save her from unhappiness and possible suicide ...

The most likely explanation is that they realized that such a connection would be hugely advantageous to their family. James was not only a powerful British diplomat since February 1798 he had also been an important Hyderabadi nobleman, with a series of titles given to him by the Nizam- Mutamin ul-Mullt Hushmat Jung ('Glorious in Battle.), Nawab Fakhr ud-Dowlah Bahadur-and an elevated place in the Nizam's durbar.
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James Darlymple also followed the same route - only thing is, he married the daughter of the Nawab of Masulipatam, Moti Begum.They had five children - four boys and a girl. His military exploits were not that great -
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he, along with his cousin David Baird were a part of the 7000 strong British force led by Eyre Coote captured by Mysore's Crown Prince Tipu Sultan at Pollilur in 1780. He was in captivity for at least four years - a letter written by him to his mother in late 1781 is known.
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There is one very important point people note when dealing with Mysore Wars. Many of the East India Company troops who were captured at Pollilur led the Company troops against Tipu Sultan in the later wars. James Darlymple was present in both 1792 and 1799 and possibly in 1784 -
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he was promoted to the rank of a Captain in 1783, possibly in preparations for Mysore War. He was assigned to the 29th Madras Battalion which later became famous as Darlymple ka Paltan. His rise was quick - possibly because of his contacts and family ties -
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In 1792, he led six companies at Gurramkonda and in 1799, he led six batallions at Srirangapatna!! Now, a person who is formally mentioned, think how much he earned. The mention itself hints at the profits EIC gained - 220 guinea sword for a war - seriously?

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EgIw01XUwAAsokO.jpg
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But, he died young. He died immediately after the war - in 1800 in Hyderabad. His will mentions him as Lt Col James Darlymple, Hoosein Sagar. Now, on his death, his daughter Nurjahan was left in India(probably with her mother) and the boys were taken to England.

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EgIxJ4gU4AAZ324.png
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Proably, the sister never saw her brothers again. The boys lost their peerage and the girl is a just another Kutcha Butcha - possibly the amount of money their father's will contained was enough for everyone to jostle to be their guardians.
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We would see his son marrying in Guernsey, spend time in France and had a good education - clearly, his father didn't leave him poor!! A mercenary he is, the most sickening thing for anyone is his descendants remembering him fondly.

William Dalrymple @DalrympleWill
Replying to @MulaMutha
How wonderful! He was my great ×7 uncle wnd was married to Mooti Begum, a great great grand daughter of Nur Jahan's younger sister
8:59 AM · Dec 11, 2017
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And the travesty of India? We don't scrutinise those who revel in this legacy of loot and infamy. We don't demand formal apologies and penances for the acts of their ancestors as what we demand from the current generation Brahmins for the fictitious claims of historic abuses they
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are supposed to have meted out against lower castes (which I don't have a clue how they can do without wielding formal power). If only we hold these children of infamy at least a percentage accountable to the level we blame Brahmins, India would have been a far prouder nation.
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The bare minimum we can do is to ensure people who glorify such legacies don't meddle into India's internal affairs. Brahmins or Muslims, we are Indians. We don't need such people or their supporters running the country for us.

William Dalrymple was behind withdrawal of book by Bloomsbury
Earlier William Dalrymple had announced on Twitter that he is working to stop the publication of the book by Bloomsbury | OpIndia News
http://www.opindia.com/2020/08/william-dalrymple-behind-withdrawal-book-bloomsbury-delh
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And there is only one thing I want to highlight over this - Old Habits Die Hard. It's up to you to interpret in whatever way you deem fit in the context of this thread.
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And see the cartel in action. Let me know if at least one of the usuals from the cartel talk about the sanctity of free speech. If a book is wrong, you can get it banned. You don't create a lynch mob to target the work. That's not how a civilized country works.
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Why bring religious terms like Bhakt into a civil discussion? Would it be fine if I call him a Namazi or a Hallelujah?

PKR | প্রশান্ত | پرشانتو @prasanto
Yay! The entire hindutva / RW has come together on this. Sadly, most RW and Hindutva folks don't read anyway.

As for this.. this is a bit like bhakts saying they won't subscribe to WSJ ever. Most didn't know what WSJ was till last week. Most still don't.

Sanjeev Sanyal @sanjeevsanyal
Replying to @sanjeevsanyal
I have have not read the book in question & have no idea if it is good or bad. However, this is obviously not a quality control problem but about censorship.

I commit to never publish a book with @BloomsburyIndia
2/n
2:30 AM · Aug 23, 2020
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Who decides what is Free Speech? Should that be decided by courts or by anybody and everybody who doesn't even have a name?

Gurmehar Kaur @mehartweets
It’s simple- misrepresentation of facts to vilify oppressed communities and hate speech that instigate violence is NOT protected under free speech.

Free speech is not blanket concept and it’s application as such is complicity in oppression. #bloomsburyindia
8:20 PM · Aug 22, 2020
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Accuse the other side of that which you are guilty - Goebbels

Arfa Khanum Sherwani @khanumarfa
Excellent News !
@BloomsburyIndia withdraws publication of the Delhi Riots propaganda literature.
Congratulations to each one of you who raised their voice.

akankshakumar @akanksha_kumar3
Breaking: Bloomsbury India is withdrawing publication of the book 'Delhi Riots 2020: The Untold Story'. Publishing house issues a fresh statement after yesterday's controversy. @newslaundry @nlhindi
3:58 PM · Aug 22, 2020
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But rich coming from someone whose investigative journalism is considered as fantastical imagination by the courts.

Rana Ayyub @RanaAyyub
The state, the judiciary, the police has decided to label the oppressed as the oppressor, it has made the victims the accused in the Delhi pogrom. Releasing a book that validates this hate is enabling and endorsing the pogrom. This is not FoE for heavens sake
8:26 AM · Aug 23, 2020
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This tweet depicts the picture perfectly. This reaction is like the flailing arms of an octopus squeezed tightly. Again I say. Let's all fight among ourselves. Let's not bring foreigners with infamous ancestries and antecedents into our petty fights.

Swati Goel Sharma @swati_gs
Speaking purely from strategy point of view, the Bloomsbury book row is a self-goal for the Left. Censorship in this age means nothing, especially when the 'other side' has both readership and resources. दुनिया इतनी बदल गई, Left ने अपने तरीके नहीं बदले
9:57 AM · Aug 23, 2020
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I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it - Voltaire
It's ironic to see those derided as fascists are more liberal than the so-called liberals. By the way, I came across a word liberazzi - is it liberal + Nazi or liberal + paparazzi?
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