Hindu Vivek Kendra
Ayodhya Holy town in Uttar Pradesh province in North India, also referred to as Saket. The birthplace of Sri Rama and revered as a place of pilgrimage for thousands of years by the Hindus.
Babri Masjid The mosque-like structure built by Mir Baqi to commemorate the conquests of his King Babur: this was built at Ayodhya.
Bajrang Dal Volunteer corps of Hindus formed during the Ayodhya Movement. (Bajrang=Hanuman; Dal=corps).
Bhagawan 'God', 'Lord'.
Darshan Viewing idol/holy personage.
Dharma Sansad Forum of Hindu Religious figures.
District Magistrate Head of civil administration in a district. His duties include maintenance of law and order. There are over 600 districts (unit of civil revenue administration) in India.
Faizabad District headquarters town adjacent to Ayodhya.
Janmasthan "Place of birth" - Refers to the area revered as the birthplace of Rama in Ayodhya. The disputed site.
Kar Seva Holy task to be accomplished voluntarily 9esp. renovation/repair/construction of temple/ gurudwara etc.).
Karsevak Volunteer for holy task. A form for volunteers coming forward to build a temple to Sri Rama at the Janmasthan.
Mahant Hindu religious leader.
Margadarshak Mandal Apex committee of religious leaders formed to guide the Vishwa Hindu Parishad and the Ayodhya Movement.
Maryada Purushottam Epitome of Human Attributes' - Refers to Rama.
Moulvi Religious Preacher of Islam
National Integration Council A forum of leading personalities including political leaders, Members of Parliament, intellectual, artistes etc., for discussing matters relating to national integration.
Ram Lala Lala = affectionate term for child. The idol of 'Child Rama' being worshipped at the Janmasthan.
Ram Kot 'For of Rama' - The revenue village where the disputed site is situated.
Ramajanmabhoomi 'The land where Rama was born also known as Janmasthan, in Ayodhya. The disputed site.
Ram Rajya 'Rama's Rule' - A reference to the ideal conditions when Rama ruled his kingdom. An ideal of Hindu society down the ages that was projected sharply by Mahatma Gandhi during the struggle for freedom from British rule. (See also 'Swaraj' and 'Swadeshi')
Rathyatra Chariot journey undertaken to mobilise mass opinion. (Rath=chariot, vehicle; Yatra=journey).
Sangh Parivar Refers to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (a voluntary organisation for socio-cultural change in Hindu society formed in 1925) and a cluster of connected organisations: Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (labour organisation); Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (students organisation); Vishwa Hindu Parishad (religious); Vidya Bharati (educational); etc., (Parivar=family.)
Sant A honorific term for religious leaders, ascetics, heads of organisations, monasteries etc.
Shia, Sunni Two major Islamic sects formed following differences as to who should lead the Muslims after Prophet Mohammed.
Shilanyas Foundation-stone laying ceremony. One of the major events in the Ayodhya Movement.
Shila Pujan Shila=stone, brick; Pujan=worship. Hundreds of thousands of bricks specially made and inscribed with 'Sri Ram' were consecrated in villages all over India and abroad and brought to Ayodhya to be used in the Rama Temple complex.
Sita ki Rasoi 'The kitchen where Sita cooked' - a revered structure in the Janmasthan complex.
Somnath A magnificent temple of Siva on the western coast of India that was the repository of unparalleled wealth and which was repeatedly looted and desecrated by invaders. Finally the temple was destroyed and a mosque erected in its place. After 1947, a strong movement for the renovation of Somnath temple sprang up with the blessings of Mahatma Gandhi and the backing of Vallabhbhai Patel. The Somnath temple was finally resurrected and built in all its glory.
Swadeshi 'Of one's own country' - An economic concept of giving pre-eminent status to indigenous skills and efforts. A rallying cry of the Indian Freedom Struggle.
Swaraj 'Self-Rule'. Indigenous rule. A clarion call given by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and taken up by Mahatma Gandhi during the freedom struggle.
Tulsidas 16th Century poet who wrote the Ramayana in Hindi as Ramcharitmanas.
Waqf Board Autonomous board to manage affairs of religious places bequeathed by Muslims.
Vaishnavite Pertains to worship of Vishnu - one of the three major Gods of the Hindu pantheon. Rama is believed to be the avatara (incarnation) of Vishnu.
Vishwa Hindu Parishad International organisation of various Hindu denominations/sects. The organisation in the forefront of the Ayodhya Movement.

Back to Index