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Naxal violence in Bihar

Naxal violence in Bihar

Author: Dr. Satish Kumar
Publication: Security-risks.com
URL: http://www.security-risks.com/index.php?file=show-hotzone&hotid=622

Recent Trends

1. There is fresh spurt of violence in different districts of Bihar, especially Jehanabad and Gaya.

2. A few top leaders of Naxal Outfits have been nabbed in the state which reveals shocking revelations.

3. There is wide network of Naxal to collect levies from the government officials, politicians, contractors and common people of Bihar.

4. The seized diary from the arrested leaders explains their personal property and luxurious life styles.

5. The state police force is untrained to fight the Naxal groups. There is no training centre in Bihar.

6. Recently the Bihar government has taken the step to train the police force under the guidance military.

There is fresh spurt of Naxal violence in Bihar in the last few days. Two J.C.B vehicles and tractors were burnt to ashes which were engaged in the road constructions in Jehanabad. It happened in Narayana Mushari village under Pali Police station. MCC area commander had demanded 35 lakh rupees from the contractor Putu Kumar. The area commander called him on his mobile 9931560065. When he did not turn up to pay the heafty amount of levies the Naxal damaged his properties and halted the road construction work.

Levies have turned to be a great evil for Bihar. There is a fresh revelation that Naxal top leaders are turning to be millionaires and leaving a luxurious life in metropolitan cities. The huge amount is invested in the real estates. Top Maoist leader Mr. Parmod Mishra was arrested by Dhanbad police. Many revealing information came into lime light. He has wide range of properties in Patna, Gaya, Kolkatta, Ranchi and Delhi. He has invested in real estates. Lower rang leaders were accused of accumulating wealth but this revelations proved that top notch leaders of Maoist. Bihar Police Inspector General Mr. Bhardwaj has confirmed this report of immense wealth of Parmod Mishra. This money comes through levies from contractors, politicians, government officials and common people of Bihar. This is not the first time a top leader is caught. PWG head of Jharkhand unit Shahendar Bhuianya eloped with two crore rupees and later killed by his own comrade friends. Arrested Mishir Beshra has revealed that 40 corer is collected every month from levies in Jharkhand and Bihar.

Usually, the Naxalites demand from a contractor 30 per cent of the total amount sanctioned to him by the government for construction of roads, dams, buildings and bridges. The intelligence sources say two banned Naxalite outfits are being similarly propped up in the killing fields of Bihar. The Maoist Communist Centre and Party Unity -- Naxalite groups that have struck terror in south-central Bihar comprising the districts of Gaya, Hazaribagh, Jehanabad are said to collect huge sums of money from local businessmen, contractors, government officials and industrial units. Reports say their annual booty could be around Rs 300 million.

This is an ideological breakdown of the Naxal outfits. Their leaders claim themselves to be apostle of extreme sacrifice and high moral stature. They preach the same to their revolutionaries comrades. But they moved out from homeless to real estates. They have also adopted the tools of ecstasy and enjoyment. Their children are studying in the premiere institutes of the country like IIT Kanpur. They turned to be womanizer. The recent arrest of Aarti, a female brigade of Naxal outfit, reveals that there are widespread sexual exploitations of women within the Naxal outfits. The custodians became the exploiter. There are intra-group fights among the naxalites. The intelligence sources report that more than 13 extremist groups are active in state. Recent report also figures the caste violence within the Naxal groups. This has splintered into smaller extremists groups on the basis of castes.

In broader prospective these are the positive development for the state. It will be easier for the state administration to nab the extremists. The chasm between their ideological mascot and real practice becomes wider; it will de-link the naxalites from the poor people, especially dalits. The state government needs to present the real face of the naxalites to the poor with the help of media. Gradually it will be difficult for extremists to hide and being protected by poor people.

Naxal activity in Bihar has found a new breeding ground - the state's only forest reserve, has fallen to the Naxals. Naxals have targetted the forest reserve in Bihar's Gaya district, the state's only wildlife sanctuary the Gautam Buddha Sanctuary - as their training camp and have also made bunkers there. Out of the total area of the forest reserve, as much as 70% is under their influence.

The state administration has admitted that 105-km NH-2C (Dehri-Akbarpur-Jagnnathpur- Jardag), 20-km NH-99 (Dobhi to Jharkhand border) and 90-km NH-110 (Biharsharif-Ekangarsarai-Jehanabad-Arwal) have been declared Naxal-affected highways. The Government of Bihar has decided to fortify all the 50 police stations falling under naxal- infected districts of Aurangabad and Gaya in central Bihar region, to help police counter Naxal attack. Officials said the government was forced to chalk out this plan in the light of reports from security agencies that the police stations in the Naxal-prone district may face more attacks by the Maoists in near future.

The sheer capacities required to contain the Maoist threat are lacking. The approach within the state security set-up remains defensive, leaving the initiative almost entirely in Maoist hands, while the enforcement agencies continue to function within the context of a 'routine law-and-order' context. Bihar's Chief Minister Nitish Kumar asked his top bureaucrats and police officers to strengthen the defense mechanism by speedy restoration and strengthening of basic infrastructure in Left Wing extremism-affected areas. The state administration has also planned out to train the officers of Bihar Police by the military.

The army has agreed to impart rigorous training to the Bihar Police Officials to take on the People's Guerrilla Liberation Army(PGLA) of the CPI (Maoist)a Naxal out fit, which is believed to have caused extensive damage to the state police in the past few years. A decision to this effect was taken at a high level meeting of the army officials with the senior officials of the state administration under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary RJM Pillai. Bihar does not have any police academy to impart training to its police officer. Maoists are better trained than police of Bihar. Therefore, they out fox the police officers and manage to dodge them. This initiative will be very effective to eliminate the extremists from the state.

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